The agreement was based on the premise that the Triple Agreement took place during the First World War and aimed at other objectives in the defeat of the Ottoman Empire and was part of a series of secret agreements that reflected on its partition. The first negotiations that led to the agreement took place between 23 November 1915 and 3 January 1916, during which British and French diplomats Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot signed an agreed memorandum. [3] The agreement was ratified by their respective governments on 9 and 16 May 1916. [4] For a period of twenty years, the existing Turkish tariff remains in effect in all blue and red zones as well as in zones (a) and b) and there is no increase in tariffs or conversions of value at certain rates, unless there is an agreement between the two powers. The agreement was originally used directly as the basis for the 1918 Anglo-French modus vivendi, which provided a framework for the Occupied Enemy Territory Administration in the Levant. More generally, it was to lead indirectly to the subsequent partition of the Ottoman Empire after the Ottoman defeat of 1918. Shortly after the war, French Palestine and Mosul ceded to the British. Warrants in the Levant and Mesopotamia were awarded at the San Remo conference in April 1920, according to the Sykes-Picot framework; The British mandate for Palestine ran until 1948, the British mandate for Mesopotamia was to be replaced by a similar treaty with compulsory Iraq, and the French mandate for Syria and Lebanon lasted until 1946. The anatolic parts of the agreement were attributed by the Treaty of Sevres of August 1920; But these ambitions were thwarted by the Turkish War of Independence of 1919-23 and the Subsequent Treaty of Lausanne. In his introduction to a symposium on Sykes-Picot in 2016, law professor Anghie notes that much of the agreement is entrusted to “trade and trade agreements, access to ports and railway construction.” [50] I also have the honour of declaring that Her Majesty`s Government is proposing to the Russian Government to make the agreement complete, in order to exchange notes that correspond to those exchanged by her and the Government of His Excellency on April 26 last year. Copies of these notes will be communicated to Excellence as soon as they are exchanged.

I would also like to remind Your Excellency that the conclusion of this agreement for practical consideration raises the question of whether Italy is participating in a partition or reorganization of Turkey in Asia, as formulated in Article 9 of the agreement of 26 April 1915 between Italy and its allies. This year, the discussions of the agreement took place in many countries that linked the events of the First World War to the crisis that hit the Middle East region today. The thesis on “the collapse of the Sykes-Picot system”, which establishes boundaries that ignored the historical, geographical and demographic realities of the region, has gained momentum. It is often forgotten that the agreements between England and France from 1915 to 1916 did not in fact constitute borders between the future territories/states of Mashriq. This is what happened later at the Paris Peace Conference (January 18, 1919- January 21, 1920), in the Treaty of Sevres of August 10, 192 and at conferences in San Remo (April 19-26, 1920) and Lausanne (sporadically between November 20, 1922 and July 24, 1923).

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